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认知回避问卷在中国大学生中应用的信效度
作者:焦克媛  朱雅雯  范文超  周宁宁  王建平 
单位:1. 北京师范大学心理学部  应用实验心理北京重点实验室  北京 100875 2. 西北师范大学心理学院  兰州 730070 3. 首都医科大学  北京 100088 
关键词:认知回避 认知回避问卷 信度 效度 
分类号:R395.1
出版年,卷(期):页码:2017,25(6):1017-1021
摘要:

目的:引进认知回避问卷(Cognitive Avoidance Questionnaire,CAQ),并考察其在中国大学生被试中的信效度。方法:使用经双盲翻译的中文版CAQ,对600名大学生进行施测,回收有效问卷561份。初次施测后间隔3~4周,选取91名被试进行重测。结果:验证性因素分析的结果表明中文版CAQ符合原五因素模型(χ2=494.620,df=239,χ2/df=2.070,RMESA=0.046,CFI=0.954,TLI=0.942,SRMR=0.042),五因素分别为:思维压抑、思维替代、转移注意、回避刺激、图像思维化。信度分析表明,总量表Cronbach α系数为0.930,各分量表Cronbach α系数介于0.732~0.839之间;总量表重测信度为0.652,各分量表介于0.439~0.638之间;总量表分半信度为0.874,各分量表分半信度介于0.689~0.830之间。总量表与思维压抑量表的相关系数为0.584,与抑郁、焦虑、压力、强迫量表的相关系数分别为0.247,0.316,0.354,0.396(P值均<0.01)。结论:中文版CAQ具有良好的信效度,可在中国文化下应用。

Objective:To construct a Chinese version of Cognitive Avoidance Questionnaire(CAQ), and test its reliabili-ty and validity in Chinese university students. Methods:600 college students were asked to complete a battery of question-naires, among which 561 questionnaires were favorable. Three to four weeks later after the first test, 91 students were tested again. Results:The results of confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the original five-factor model(χ2=494.620, df=239, χ2/df=2.070, RMESA=0.046, CFI=0.954, TLI=0.942, SRMR=0.042). The five factors were Thought Suppression, Thought Sub-stitution, Distraction, Avoidance of Threatening Stimuli, and the Transformation of Images into Thoughts. Cronbach α, Testretest reliability and split-half reliability of the total questionnaire and dimensions were 0.732-0.930, 0.439-0.652 and 0.689-0.874, respectively. For the total score of Chinese version CAQ, the correlation coefficients were 0.584 to WBSI score, 0.247to depression score, 0.316 to anxiety score, 0.354 to stress score, 0.396 to OCI-R score, respectively. Conclusion:The Chinese version of CAQ is a reliable and valid instrument for assessing cognitive avoidance in Chinese culture and can be used for future research.

基金项目:
作者简介:
参考文献:

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