设为首页 | 加入收藏
网站首页 本刊简介 编委会 投稿指南 过刊浏览 广告合作 网上订购 下载专区 联系我们  
自尊在同性恋者社会支持与孤独感关系中的中介作用
作者:宋潮  董舒阳  徐鑫  王建平 
单位:1. 北京师范大学心理学部  应用实验心理北京市重点实验室  心理学国家级实验教学示范中心[北京师范大学]  北京 100875  2. Utrecht University  Utrecht 999025  3. 首都医科大学心理学系  北京 100088 
关键词:同性恋者 社会支持 自尊 孤独感 
分类号:R395.6
出版年,卷(期):页码:2018,26(2):401-404
摘要:

目的:探讨自尊在社会支持与同性恋者孤独感之间的中介作用。方法:采用社会支持量表、自尊量表和孤独感量表,对498名同性恋者进行调查,探讨同性恋者社会支持与孤独感的关系,并检验自尊在其中的中介作用。结果:①社会支持与同性恋者的孤独感呈负相关,社会支持对同性恋者的孤独感有直接的影响。②自尊在社会支持与孤独感中起部分中介作用。结论:社会支持、自尊及同性恋者的孤独感三者之间关系密切。

Objective:To explore the mediating effects of the Self-esteem between Social support and Loneliness. Meth-ods:A sample of 498 homosexuals completed measures of Social support Rate Scale, Loneliness Scale, Self-Esteem Scale. This study was to investigate the relationship between Social support and Loneliness among Homosexuals, and the mediat-ing effect of Self-esteem. Results:①There were negative correlations between Social support and Loneliness. Social sup-port had a direct impact on the Loneliness in Homosexuals; ②Self-esteem played a partial mediating role between Social support and Loneliness. Conclusion:The Social support, Self-esteem and Loneliness in Homosexuals have a close relation-ship.

基金项目:
作者简介:
参考文献:

1 Major B, O'Brien LT. The Social Psychology of Stigma. Annual Review of Psychology, 2005, 56(56):393-421
2 Plöderl M, Sellmeier M, Fartacek C, et al. Explaining the suicide risk of sexual minority individuals by contrasting the minority stress model with suicide models. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 2014, 43(8):1559-1570
3 Augelli ARD. Mental Health Problems among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youths Ages 14 to 211. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 2002, 7(3):289-298
4 Kim HJ, Fredriksen-Goldsen KI. Living Arrangement and Loneliness Among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Older Adults. The Gerontologist, 2016, 3:1-11
5 Rivers I, Noret N. Well-being among same-sex-and opposite-sex-attracted youth at school. School Psychology Review, 2008, 37(2):174-187
6 朱智贤. 心理学大词典. 北京:北京师范大学出版社,1989
7 Lasgaard M, Goossens L, Elklit A. Loneliness, depressive symptomatology, and suicide ideation in adolescence:crosssectional and longitudinal analyses. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 2011, 39(1):137-150
8 Masi CM, Chen HY, Hawkley LC, et al. A meta-analysis of interventions to reduce loneliness. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 2011, 15(3):219-266
9 Angford CPH, Bowsher J, Maloney JP, Lillis PP. Social support:A conceptual analysis. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 1997, 25:95-100
10 Ruiz-Robledillo N, Andrés-García SD, Pérez-Blasco J, et al. Highly resilient coping entails better perceived health, high social support and low morning cortisol levels in parents of children with autism spectrum disorder. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 2014, 35(3):686-695
11 宋潮, 麻超, 张怡萱. 新疆维吾尔自治区某校流动儿童应对倾向在心理韧性与社会支持关系中的中介作用. 中国心理卫生杂志, 2016, 30(2):127-132
12 何安明, 惠秋平, 刘华山. 大学生社会支持与孤独感的关系:感恩的中介作用. 中国临床心理学杂志, 2015, 23(1):150-153
13 Leary MR, Baumeister RF. The nature and function of selfesteem:Sociometer theory. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 2000, 32(1):1-62
14 Murray SL, Griffin DW, Rose P, et al. Calibrating the sociometer:the relational contingencies of self-esteem. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 2003, 85(1):63-84
15 Leary MR. Commentary on Self-Esteem as an Interpersonal Monitor:The Sociometer Hypothesis(1995). Psychological Inquiry, 2003, 14(3-4):270-274
16 张林, 李元元. 自尊社会计量器理论的研究述评. 心理科学进展, 2009, 17(4):852-856
17 Leary MR, Gallagher B, Fors E, et al. The invalidity of disclaimers about the effects of social feedback on self-esteem. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 2003, 29(5):623-636
18 Uchino BN, Cacioppo JT, Kiecoltglaser JK. The relationship between social support and physiological processes:a review with emphasis on underlying mechanisms and implications for health. Psychological Bulletin, 1996, 119(3):488-531
19 吉园依, 张宇, 殷菲, 等. 四川农村留守儿童抑郁症状及其与自尊及社会支持的关系研究. 现代预防医学, 2017, 44 (2):239-242
20 黎志华, 尹霞云. 社会支持对大学生希望的影响机制:自尊和自我效能感的中介作用. 心理发展与教育, 2015, 31 (5):610-617
21 Yakushko O. Influence of Social Support, Existential WellBeing, and Stress Over Sexual Orientation on Self Esteem of Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Individuals. International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling, 2005, 27(1):131-143
22 李彩娜, 班兰美, 李红梅. 大学生孤独感及其与依恋、自尊的关系. 中国临床心理学杂志, 2010, 18(4):514-516
23 谢其利, 宛蓉, 张睿. 农村留守经历大学新生自尊社会支持和应对方式与孤独感的关系. 中国学校卫生, 2015, 36 (2):236-241
24 Pamela M. Detrie PhD, Suzanne H. Lease PhD. The Relation of Social Support, Connectedness, and Collective SelfEsteem to the Psychological Well-Being of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youth. 2007, 53(4):173-199
25 Zervoulis K, Lyons E, Dinos S. Stigma and self-esteem across societies:avoiding blanket psychological responses to gay men experiencing homophobia. Bjpsych Bulletin, 2015, 39(4):167-173
26 Meyer IH, Wilson PA. Sampling lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 2009, 56(1):23-31
27 Lea T, De Wit J, Reynolds R. Minority stress in lesbian, gay, and bisexual young adults in Australia:Associations with psychological distress, suicidality, and substance use. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 2014, 43(8):1571-1578
28 李放, 邬俊芳, 麦晓浩,等. 同性恋者内化同性恋嫌恶与抑郁的关系:自我概念清晰度的中介及调节作用. 中国临床心理学杂志, 2016, 24(3):475-479
29 李放, 邢锦涛, 王一博, 等. 年轻男同性恋者性取向隐瞒对生命意义感的影响及机制. 中国临床心理学杂志, 2015, 23(6):1075-1078
30 魏重政, 刘文利. 性少数学生心理健康与遭受校园欺凌之间关系研究. 中国临床心理学杂志, 2015, 23(4):701-705
31 陈欢, 高杨小慧, 周菊燕,等. 异性恋成年公众对同性恋的态度. 中国临床心理学杂志, 2015, 23(5):822-825
32 Zhao J, Kong F, Wang Y. The role of social support and selfesteem in the relationship between shyness and loneliness. Personality & Individual Differences, 2013, 54(5):577-581
33 Chou KL. Assessing Chinese adolescents'social support:The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Personality & Individual Differences, 2000, 28(2):299-307
34 汪向东, 王希林, 马弘. 心理卫生评定量表手(增订版). 北京:中国心理卫生杂志社, 1999
35 何安明, 惠秋平, 刘华山. 大学生社会支持与孤独感的关系:感恩的中介作用. 中国临床心理学杂志, 2015, 23(1):150-153
36 Schneider M. Developing services for lesbian and gay adolescents. Canadian journal of community mental health=Revue canadienne de santé mentale communautaire, 1991, 10(10):133-151

服务与反馈:
文章下载】【加入收藏
您是第访问者

《中国临床心理学杂志》编辑部
地址:湖南省长沙市中南大学湘雅二医院内, 410011
电 话:0731-85292472    电子邮件:cjcp_china@163.com
本系统由北京博思汇文数字科技有限公司设计开发 技术服务电话:400-921-9838