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校园受欺负对儿童幸福感的影响:心理韧性的作用
作者:朱晓伟  范翠英  刘庆奇  张冬静  周宗奎 
单位:1. 青少年网络心理与行为教育部重点实验室  武汉 430079  2. 华中师范大学心理学院  武汉 430079  3. 长江大学教育学院  荆州 434023 
关键词:受欺负 幸福感 心理韧性 儿童 
分类号:R395.6
出版年,卷(期):页码:2018,26(2):396-400
摘要:

目的:考察心理韧性在校园受欺负与儿童幸福感之间的中介与调节作用。方法:采用Olweus儿童欺负问卷、儿童与青少年韧性测量简版量表和Campbell幸福感指数量表,对449名小学3-6年级儿童进行调查。结果:①受欺负与心理韧性呈显著负相关,与幸福感呈显著负相关,心理韧性与幸福感呈显著正相关;②心理韧性在受欺负与幸福感之间的中介作用显著,调节效应不显著,中介效应占总效应的比例为31.60%。结论:受欺负通过心理韧性的部分中介作用影响儿童幸福感。

Objective:The present study aimed to explore the mediating and moderating role of resilience in the rela-tionship between bully victimization and children's well-being. Methods:A sample of 449 3-6 grade primary school stu-dents were recruited for the study. They completed a battery of questionnaires, including Olweus Bully/Victim question-naire, Child and Youth Resilience Measure(CYRM-12) and Campbell Index of Well-being. Results:①Significant correla-tions were observed among bully victimization, resilience and child well-being; ②Resilience partially mediated the relation between bully victimization and well-being, and the ratio of mediation effect to total effect was 31.60%. The moderating ef-fect of resilience in the relation between bullying victimization and well-being was not significant. Conclusion:Bully vic-timization influences child well-being through the partial mediating effect of resilience.

基金项目:
本研究得到国家社科基金重大攻关项目(11&ZD151)、教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目(15YJA190001)和湖北省社会科学基金(2011jyty008)的资助。
作者简介:
参考文献:

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