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戒烟意愿与戒烟计划的关系:矛盾态度和未来取向的共同调节作用
作者:陈海德  曹柠梦  高崚峰  李新宇  李伟健 
单位:浙江师范大学心理与脑科学研究院  金华 321004 
关键词:吸烟者 戒烟意愿 戒烟计划 矛盾态度 未来取向 
分类号:R395.6
出版年,卷(期):页码:2018,26(2):375-379
摘要:

目的:探究吸烟矛盾态度和未来取向对戒烟意愿和戒烟计划关系的共同调节作用。方法:采用戒烟意愿和戒烟计划问卷、吸烟利弊权衡量表、未来结果预期量表等对340名吸烟者进行问卷调查。结果:①戒烟意愿显著正向预测戒烟计划;②矛盾态度和未来取向分别对戒烟意愿和戒烟计划关系不起调节作用;③未来取向和矛盾态度对戒烟意愿与戒烟计划关系起共同调节作用。对于未来取向高或矛盾态度低的吸烟者,戒烟意愿显著正向预测戒烟计划;对于未来取向低且矛盾态度高的吸烟者,戒烟意愿对戒烟计划正向预测显著,但回归系数较小。结论:吸烟者提高戒烟意愿进而产生戒烟计划的过程受到个体矛盾态度和未来取向的交互影响。

Objective:To investigate the moderating effects of ambivalent attitude and future orientation on the relation-ship between willingness and planning to quit smoking. Methods:340 smokers completed the Willingness to Quit Smoking Questionnaire and Planning to Quit Smoking Questionnaire, the Decisional Balance Scale, and the Scale of Consideration of Future Consequences. Results:①The willingness to quit smoking was a significant and positive predictor of planning to quit smoking. ②The moderated effect of ambivalent attitude on the relationship between willingness to quit smoking and planning to quit smoking was not significant, as well as future orientation. ③An interactive moderating effect of ambivalent attitude and future orientation on the relationship between willingness and planning to quit smoking was significant. As for smokers with higher level of future orientation or lower level of ambivalent attitude, the willingness to quit smoking signifi-cantly and positively predicted the planning to quit. As for smokers with lower level of future orientation meanwhile with higher level of ambivalent attitude, the willingness to quit smoking also significantly and positively predicted the planning to quit, while the coefficient of prediction was weaker. Conclusion:The process of increasing willingness and planning to quit smoking is influenced interactively by both of ambivalent attitude and future orientation in smokers.

基金项目:
浙江省金华市社科联课题(ZD2017037)资助
作者简介:
参考文献:

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