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临退休个体生命意义感对于心理健康的影响:有中介的调节模型
作者:苗淼  朱菡  甘怡群 
单位:1. 中国政法大学社会学院  北京 100088  2. 北京大学心理与认知科学学院及行为与心理健康北京市重点实验室  北京 100871 
关键词:生命意义感 焦虑 幸福感 社会支持 控制感 
分类号:R395.6
出版年,卷(期):页码:2018,26(2):341-346
摘要:

目的:探讨生命意义感影响心理健康的潜在机制及社会支持在此过程中的调节作用。方法:以191位在3年内即将退休的个体为研究对象进行纵向问卷调查,间隔3个月分别测量生命意义感、焦虑、幸福感、社会支持和控制感的水平。结果:生命意义感与社会支持、控制感、幸福感均显著正相关,与焦虑显著负相关。生命意义感和社会支持的交互项显著正向预测控制感,并且这一调节作用通过控制感的中介作用预测焦虑和幸福感。对于高社会支持水平的个体,生命意义感通过提升控制感而缓解焦虑、促进幸福感;而对于低社会支持水平的个体,上述中介作用不成立。结论:生命意义感通过控制感缓解焦虑、提升幸福感,社会支持调节上述中介关系。

Objective:To explore the underlying mechanism responsible for the effect of meaning in life on mental health and the moderating role of social support on the relationships. Methods:The present study was conducted in 191 in-dividuals approaching retirement in 3 years. Data were collected at two time points three months apart. Levels of meaning in life, anxiety, well-being, social support, and sense of control were assessed. Results:Meaning in life was positively corre-lated with social support, sense of control, and well-being. Meanwhile, meaning in life was negatively related to anxiety. The interaction of meaning in life with social support positively predicted sense of control, and further affected anxiety and well-being through the mediation role of sense of control. For those individuals with higher level of social support, meaning in life reduced anxiety and increased well-being via sense of control, while for those with lower level of social support, the mediation effects were not significant. Conclusion:Meaning in life promotes mental health via the mediation role of sense of control, and social support moderates the relationship, thus supporting the mediated moderation model.

基金项目:
国家自然科学基金面上项目(项目批准号:31571154);北京幸福公益基金会积极心理学研究基金(京民基证字第0020344号)
作者简介:
参考文献:

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