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宽恕水平与攻击行为:精神病态与自恋特质的调节效应
作者:耿耀国  郭伟伟  王丛丹  杨子皞  闫凤严  范雯健  赛雪莹 
单位:郑州大学教育学院  郑州 450001 
关键词:宽恕 攻击行为 精神病态 自恋 
分类号:R395.2
出版年,卷(期):页码:2018,26(2):294-298
摘要:

目的:探索宽恕水平对攻击行为的影响,以及精神病态、自恋特质对此二者关系的调节作用。方法:采用随机整群抽样法在某大学抽取577名大学生为被试,使用人际侵犯动机量表(TRIM-12)、Buss和Perry攻击问卷中文版(AQ-CV)和黑暗十二条量表(DD)等问卷进行调查。结果:①精神病态、自恋均与报复因子、回避因子显著正相关,与攻击行为各因子显著正相关。而报复因子与攻击行为各因子均显著正相关,回避因子与身体攻击和指向自我的攻击正相关。②精神病态可正向调节报复因子对指向自我的攻击、回避因子对敌意的预测作用;自恋可负向调节回避因子对言语攻击和愤怒的预测作用。结论:黑暗特质对宽恕水平和攻击行为均有消极影响,并对宽恕水平影响攻击行为设定了“边界条件”。

Objective:To examine the relationships between forgiveness and aggressive behaviors, as well as the moder-ating roles of psychopathy and narcissism in this relationship. Methods:The Dirty Dozen(DD), Transgression-Related In-terpersonal Motivations Scale-12-Item Form(TRIM-12), and Chinese version of Buss & Perry aggression questionnaire (AQ-CV) were administered to 577 university students. Tests for moderation were performed through hierarchical regres-sion analyses, including sex and age as controlled variables. Results:①Psychopathy and narcissism were positively corre-lated with revenge, avoidance, and all factors of aggression, revenge was positively correlated with all factors of aggression, and avoidance was positively correlated with physical aggression and self-aggression. ②Psychopathy moderated the effect of revenge on self-aggression, and the effect of avoidance on hostile, with the higher participants'psychopathy, the higher effects of unforgiveness on aggression; narcissism moderated the effect of avoidance on verbal aggression, and the effect of avoidance on anger, with the higher participants'narcissism, the weaker effects of avoidance on aggression. Conclusion:The negative impacts of psychopathy and narcissism to forgiveness and aggression were all significant; the effects of forgive-ness on aggression vary with the boundary conditions, that is high(vs. low) psychopathy and narcissism.

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参考文献:

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