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Cheek和Buss羞怯量表在中国大学生中的信效度检验
作者:向碧华  任丽杰  周颖  刘俊升 
单位:1. 上海师范大学心理学系  上海 200234  2. 上海海关学院  上海 201204  3. 中国浦东干部学院  上海 201204  4. 华东师范大学心理与认知科学学院  上海 200062 
关键词:羞怯量表 大学生 信度 效度 测量等值性 
分类号:R395.1
出版年,卷(期):页码:2018,26(2):268-271
摘要:

目的:引进Cheek和Buss编制的13个条目的羞怯量表(Revised Cheek and Buss Shyness Scale,RCBS),并在中国大学生群体中进行信效度检验。方法:采用中文版Cheek和Buss羞怯量表、社交焦虑量表(SIAS)、社交恐惧量表(SPS)、UCLA孤独感量表(UCLA)和Beck抑郁量表(BDI)对845名大学生施测,并对其中的40名被试5周后进行重测。结果:①量表的各个项目具有良好的区分度,各项目的题总相关在0.39~0.78之间;②探索性因素分析表明,修订后的量表包含两个因素,特征根分别为5.46和1.36,累计方差贡献率为52.42%;③验证性因素分析表明,两因素结构的拟合指数良好(χ2/df=3.25,CFI=0.95,TLI=0.94,RMSEA=0.05,SRMR=0.04),且多群组验证性因素分析表明两因素结构具有跨性别的测量等值性;④总量表的内部一致性信度为0.88,两个因子的内部一致性信度分别为0.88和0.70,总量表间隔5周的重测信度为0.58,两个因子的重测信度分别为0.62和0.48;⑤量表得分与社交焦虑量表、社交恐惧量表、孤独感量表、抑郁量表得分呈显著正相关。结论:修订后的中文版Check和Buss羞怯量表具有良好的信效度,适宜在中国大学生群体中使用。

Objective:To examine the validity and reliability of the Chinese version of the Revised Cheek and Buss Shy-ness Scale(RCBS). Methods:A sample of 845 university students in Shanghai completed the Chinese version of RCBS, the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale(SIAS), the Social Phobia Scale(SPS), the UCLA Loneliness Scale, and the Beck Depression Inventory(BDI). Among the participants, 40 students completed the Chinese version of RCBS again five weeks later. Result:①The correlation between items and summary score ranged from 0.39 to 0.78; ②The exploratory factor analysis showed that RCBS consisted of two factors, accounting for 52.42% of the total variance; ③The confirmatory factor analysis also identified a two-factor model, χ2/df=3.25,CFI=0.95, TLI=0.94, RMSEA=0.05, SRMR=0.04; Multiple group analysis in-dicated strict measurement invariance across gender; ④The Cronbach α for the total scale and each factor were 0.88, 0.88 and 0.70, respectively; The test-retest reliability across 5 weeks for the total scale and each factor were 0.58, 0.62 and 0.41, respectively; ⑤The RCBS was significantly and positively associated with SIAS, SPS, UCLA and BDI. Conclusion:The Chinese version of RCBS can be used as an effective instrument to assess the shyness in Chinese university students.

基金项目:
国家社会科学基金(14CSH039)
作者简介:
参考文献:

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