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内隐积极-消极情感测验在中学生群体中的信效度检验
作者:韦嘉  张进辅  毛秀珍 
单位:1. 四川师范大学教育科学学院  成都 610068  2. 西南大学心理学部  重庆 400715 
关键词:内隐积极-消极情感量表 中学生 信度 效度 
分类号:R395.1
出版年,卷(期):页码:2018,26(2):254-258
摘要:

目的:对中文版内隐积极-消极情感测验(IPANAT)在中学生群体中进行信效度检验。方法:通过5次抽样,初测调查20人对IPANAT进行条目可理解性检验;再测调查474人对IPANAT进行项目分析、探索性因素分析形成正式调查测验;正式调查共两组,426人进行验证性因素分析,同时完成儿童版积极-消极情感量表、相同形容词检核表进行聚合效度和区分效度检验;418人同时完成中文简版儿童焦虑和抑郁量表检验效标关联效度。另抽取49人进行2周重测信度检验。结果:中文版IPANAT的内隐积极情感测验和内隐消极情感测验的α系数分别在0.88-0.94和0.78-0.83之间,两周重测组内相关系数为0.84和0.86,两因子模型各主要拟合指标为χ2/df=2.36,CFI=0.98,TLI=0.97,SRMR=0.04,RMSEA=0.06。内隐积极情感测验与儿童版积极-消极情感量表测得的积极情感消极情感,相同形容词检核表测得的积极情感和消极情感的相关分别为0.51、-0.14、0.28和-0.22,与中文简版儿童焦虑和抑郁量表测得的焦虑和抑郁的相关为-0.16和-0.21;内隐消极情感测验与儿童版积极-消极情感量表测得的积极情感、消极情感,相同形容词检核表测得的积极情感消极情感的相关分别为0.01、0.33、-0.10和0.32,与中文简版儿童焦虑和抑郁量表测得的焦虑和抑郁的相关为0.29和0.30(若r≥0.14均P<0.01)。结论:中文版IPANAT具有较好的信效度,是测量中学生内隐积极-消极情感的适宜工具。

Objective:To introduce Chinese version of the Implicit Positive and Negative Affect Test(IPANAT), and ex-amine its reliability and validity in Chinese middle school students. Methods:Based on the Chinese Version of IPANAT, the researchers investigated 474 students for exploratory factor analysis(EFA). Succeeding, 426 students were asked to com-plete a battery of structured questionnaires, including the Chinese version of IPANAT for confirmatory factor analysis(CFA), Positive and Negative Affect Scale for Children(PANAS-C), Same Adjective Inventory(SAI) to test convergent and divergent validity. Meanwhile, another 418 students completed IPANAT and Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale-Short Ver-sion(RCADS) to test criterion validity. 49 students were re-tested two-weeks later for measuring test-retest reliability. Result:The result of CFA showed that the structure of the IPANAT was reasonable:χ2/df=2.36, CFI=0.98, TLI=0.97, SRMR=0.04, RMSEA=0.06. The α coefficients of the IPAT and INAT were 0.88-0.94 and 0.78-0.83. The test-retest reliabilities (2 weeks interval) were 0.84 and 0.86(ICC). For the score of IPAT, the correlation coefficients were 0.51 to the PANAS-Cpositive affect, -0.14 to the PANAS-C-negative affect, 0.28 to the SAI-positive affect and -0.22 to the SAI-negative af-fect; -0.16 to the RCADS-Anxiety and -0.21 to the RCADS-Depression; For the score of INAT, the correlation coefficients were 0.01 to the PANAS-C-positive affect, 0.33 to the PANAS-C-negative affect, -0.10 to the SAI-positive affect and 0.32 to the SAI-negative affect; 0.29 to the RCADS-Anxiety and 0.30 to the RCADS-Depression(if r≥0.14, Ps<0.01). Conclusion:Chines eversion of IPANAT is a reliable and valid instrument for assessing implicit positive and negative affect for Chinese middle school students.

基金项目:
本研究得到国家自然科学青年基金项目(31400897)和教育部人文社科青年基金项目(17JYC880104)的资助
作者简介:
参考文献:

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