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权力感对焦虑抑郁情绪的影响
作者:张珊明  罗匡  陈芸  罗伏生  钟毅平 
单位:1. 中南林业科技大学心理健康教育研究中心  长沙 410004  2. 湖南中医药大学人文社科学院  长沙 410208  3. 湖南师范大学心理系  长沙 410081 
关键词:权力感 启动 焦虑 抑郁 
分类号:R395.1
出版年,卷(期):页码:2018,26(2):220-225
摘要:

目的:探讨两种权力启动条件下权力感对焦虑抑郁情绪的影响。方法:实验一采用经验启动操纵权力,对480名大学生进行焦虑抑郁情绪测量。实验二采用角色扮演启动操纵权力,对388名大学生进行焦虑抑郁情绪测量。权力特质采用个人权力感量表测量。结果:实验一发现,低权力特质女生在高权力启动后,其一般性抑郁、快感缺失、焦虑唤醒得分显著高于控制组,而在低权力启动后,其快感缺失得分亦显著高于控制组;高权力特质女生在高权力启动后,快感缺失得分显著低于控制组。实验二发现,高权力特质者在高权力启动后,其一般性抑郁和焦虑唤醒的得分均显著低于低权力启动组,低权力特质者在高权力启动后,其一般性抑郁、快感缺失、一般性焦虑和焦虑唤醒水平均显著高于控制组或低权力启动组。结论:在经验启动条件下,权力启动和权力特质共同影响女性的焦虑抑郁情绪;在角色扮演启动条件下,权力启动对个体焦虑抑郁情绪的影响存在着权力特质的差异。

Objective:To explore the influence of power priming on anxiety and depression. Methods:In Experiment 1, 480 college participants were assessed for anxiety and depression by using experiential prime to manipulate power; In Ex-periment 2, 388 college participants were assessed for anxiety and depression by using role playing to manipulate power. The power trait was measured by Personal Sense of Power scale. Results:In Experiment 1,the low-power trait female par-ticipants'score of Generalized Disorder of Depression, Andhedonic Depression and Anxious Arousal were significantly higher than the control group's score under the high-power priming condition,and their score of Andhedonic Depression were significantly higher than the control group's score under the lower-power priming condition; the high-power trait fe-male participants'score of Andhedonic Depression were significantly lower than the control's score under the high-power priming condition. In Experiment 2, the high-power trait participants'score of Generalized Disorder of Depression and Anxious Arousal were significantly lower than the control group's score under the high-power priming condition, and the low-power trait participants'score of Generalized Disorder of Depression, Andhedonic Depression, Generalized disorder of anxiety and Anxious Arousal were significantly higher than the control's or the low-power priming's under the highpower priming condition. Conclusion:Power priming and power trait have co-effect for women's anxiety and depression under the condition of experiential priming; The influence of power priming on individual's anxiety and depression is differ-ent from that of power trait under the condition of role manipulating.

基金项目:
湖南省教育科学“十三五”规划2017年度重点资助课题“抑郁特质大学生的自我刻板印象加工及改善研究”(XJK17AXL002);湖南省教育厅科学研究优秀青年项目“基于外显和内隐测量的女性领导者刻板印象研究”(15B262);教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金“抑郁和焦虑特质个体的自我信息加工特征及其改善”(16YJC190001);湖南省哲学社会科学规划基金项目“女性自我刻板印象的横断研究”(15YBA410)
作者简介:
参考文献:

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