设为首页 | 加入收藏
网站首页 本刊简介 编委会 投稿指南 过刊浏览 广告合作 网上订购 下载专区 联系我们  
自我概念对失独者延长哀伤的影响:有调节的中介模型
作者:张宇迪  贾晓明 
单位:北京理工大学人文与社会科学学院  北京 100081 
关键词:失独者 自我概念 延长哀伤 自传体记忆 依恋 
分类号:R395.2
出版年,卷(期):页码:2018,26(2):299-303
摘要:

目的:考察自传体记忆的功能在失独者的自我概念和延长哀伤之间的中介效应,以及该中介效应是否受到依恋安全性和不安全性的调节。方法:采用中国成年人一般自我概念量表、生活经历回想问卷、成人依恋问卷和延长哀伤问卷对105名失独者进行调查。结果:①自传体记忆的功能在失独者的自我概念和延长哀伤之间发挥部分中介效应。②依恋不安全性能调节上述中介过程,对依恋不安全性得分较高的失独者来说,自传体记忆功能的中介效应不显著;对依恋不安全性得分较低的失独者来说,自传体记忆的功能起完全中介效应。③依恋安全性对上述中介过程不发挥调节效应。结论:较高的依恋不安全性具有“破坏作用”,能够阻止失独者自我概念对自传体记忆功能的激活,使得自传体记忆功能的中介作用失效。

Objective:To explore the mediating role of autobiographical memory in the relationship between self-con-cept and prolonged grief of parents who lost their only child, and whether this process is moderated by attachment security and insecurity. Methods:105 parents who lost their only child were investigated with General Self-Concept Scale for Chi-nese Adults, Thinking About Life Experiences, Adult Attachment Scale and Prolonged Grief Questionnaire. Results:①Au-tobiographical memory played a partial mediating effect in the relationship between self-concept and prolonged grief of par-ents who lost their only child. ②Attachment insecurity moderated the aforementioned mediating process. For parents who lost their only child and have higher records on attachment insecurity, the mediating effect of autobiographical memory is not significant. However, for those with lower records, autobiographical memory played a full mediating effect. Conclusion:Higher level of attachment insecurity possesses"damaging effects"and prevents the self-concept of parents who lost their only child from activating their autobiographical memory, thus invalidating its mediating effect.

基金项目:
作者简介:
参考文献:

1 王广州. 中国失独妇女总量、结构及变动趋势计算机仿真研究. 人口与经济, 2016, 5:1-11
2 Gorer G. Death, grief, and mourning. New York, NY, USA:Doubleday, 1965
3 何丽, 唐信峰, 朱志勇, 等. 殇痛:失独父母哀伤反应的质性研究. 中国临床心理学杂志, 2014, 22(5):792-798
4 尚志蕾. 重大急性应激(失独)导致的 PTSD及其影响因素研究. 第二军医大学硕士论文, 2016
5 World Health Organization. Prolonged grief disorder. Retrieved April 19, 2017, from World Health Organization Web site:http://id.who.int/icd/entity/1183832314
6 Freud S. Mourning and melancholia. In A. Richards(Ed.). The Pelican Freud library volume Ⅱ. Hammondsworth, UK:Penguin Books, 1984. 251-268
7 Boelen PA, Keijsers L, Ma VDH. The role of self-concept clarity in prolonged grief disorder. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 2012, 200(1):56-62
8 徐洁, 张日昇. 复杂哀伤丧亲青少年的箱庭治疗过程和效果个案研究. 全国心理学学术大会, 2009
9 Wang Q. Culture and the development of self-knowledge. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 2006, 15(4):182-187
10 杨玉婷. 失独父母自传体记忆与延长哀伤的关系研究. 北京理工大学硕士论文, 2015
11 Bluck S, Alea N. Exploring the functions of autobiographical memory:Why do I remember the Autumn? In:Webster JD, Haight BK. (Eds.), Critical advances in reminiscence:From theory to application. New York:Springer, 2002. 61-75
12 Alea N, Bluck S. I'll keep you in mind:The intimacy function of autobiographical memory. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2007, 21(8):1091-1111
13 Dentale F, Vecchione M, Coro AD, et al. On the relationship between implicit and explicit self-esteem:The moderating role of dismissing attachment. Personality & Individual Differences, 2012, 52(2):173-177
14 李彩娜, 孙颖, 拓瑞, 等. 安全依恋对人际信任的影响:依恋焦虑的调节效应. 心理学报, 2016, 48(8):989-1001
15 胡小勇, 车璐, 郭永玉. 依恋类型在重要他人影响目标追求过程中的调节作用. 心理与行为研究, 2013, 11(5):679-684
16 方晓义, 袁晓娇, 曹洪健, 等. 心理健康素质测评系统·中国成年人一般自我概念量表的编制. 心理与行为研究, 2012, 10(4):248-254
17 Bluck S, Alea N, Habermas T, et al. A TALE of three functions:The self-reported uses of autobiographical memory. Social Cognition, 2005, 23(1):91-117
18 Bluck S, Alea N. Crafting the tale:Construction of a measure to assess the functions of autobiographical remembering. Memory, 2011, 19(19):470-486
19 Collins NL, Read SJ. Adult attachment, working models, and relationship quality in dating couples. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 1990, 58(4):644-663
20 吴薇莉, 张伟, 刘协和. 成人依恋量表(AAS-1996修订版) 在中国的信度和效度. 四川大学学报(医学版), 2004, 35 (4):536-538
21 Prigerson HG, Horowitz MJ, Jacobs SC, et al. Prolonged grief disorder:Psychometric validation of criteria proposed for DSM-V and ICD-11. Plos Medicine, 2009, 6(8):e1000121
22 何丽, 王建平, 唐苏勤, 等. 复杂哀伤问卷修订版的信效度. 中国心理卫生杂志, 2013, 27(12):937-943
23 周浩, 龙立荣. 共同方法偏差的统计检验与控制方法. 心理科学进展, 2004, 12(6):942-950
24 温忠麟, 叶宝娟. 有调节的中介模型检验方法:竞争还是替补?. 心理学报, 2014, 46(5):714-726
25 温忠麟, 张雷, 侯杰泰, 等. 中介效应检验程序及其应用. 心理学报, 2004, 36(5):614-620
26 李德明, 陈天勇, 吴振云. 中国老年人的生活满意度及其影响因素.中国心理卫生杂志, 2008, 22(7):543-546
27 Bowlby J. Attachment and loss:Vol. 1. Attachment. New York:Basic Books, 1982
28 Crowell JA, Treboux D, Gao Y, et al. Assessing secure base behavior in adulthood:Development of a measure, links to adult attachment representations, and relations to couples' communication and reports of relationships. Developmental Psychology, 2002, 38(5):679-693

服务与反馈:
文章下载】【加入收藏
您是第访问者

《中国临床心理学杂志》编辑部
地址:湖南省长沙市中南大学湘雅二医院内, 410011
电 话:0731-85292472    电子邮件:cjcp_china@163.com
本系统由北京博思汇文数字科技有限公司设计开发 技术服务电话:400-921-9838