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病理性自恋量表在中国大学生中的信效度检验
作者:李嘉  董圣鸿  王小桃 
单位:江西师范大学心理学院  南昌 330022 
关键词:病理性自恋量表 验证型因素分析 信度 效度 
分类号:R395.1
出版年,卷(期):页码:2018,26(2):249-253
摘要:

目的:检验病理性自恋量表(PNI)中文版的信度和效度。方法:750名大学生参与了调查,受测者在完成PNI的同时,还完成了用于检验效标关联效度的其他问卷:自恋人格量表(NPI)、症状自评量表(SCL-90)、以及攻击问卷(BWAQ)。另有400名大学生完成PNI的同时,还完成了自恋人格问卷(NPQ)。结果:①PNI在本研究样本中仍然呈现了7个一阶因子和2个二阶因子的结构。其中自恋夸大性包括夸大幻想、剥削倾向和自我牺牲式自我提升,而自恋易损性包括条件自尊、隐藏自我、自我贬低和特权愤怒。②总量表和各分量表的Cronbach’s α系数在0.640-0.942之间,重测信度在0.522-0.916之间。③NPI总分和NPQ总分与PNI的二阶因子自恋夸大性有显著正相关,而与自恋易损性相关不显著。PNI总分可以预测个体的攻击行为和心理健康。结论:PNI具有良好的信效度,适宜在中国大学生群体中使用。

Objective:This study aimed to test the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Pathological Narcissism Inventory. Methods:We recruited 750 Chinese college students to finish the battery con-sists of Pathological Narcissism Inventory, SCL-90, Narcissistic Personality Inventory and Aggression Questionnaire. Result:①The PNI in present study indicated 7 first-order factors and 2 second-order factors structure, the first-order fac-tors Exploitative, Grandiose Fantasy and Self-Sacrificing Self-Enhancement were loading on the second-order factor Nar-cissistic Grandiosity, while Contingent Self-Esteem, Hiding Self, Devaluing and Entitlement Rage were loading on Narcis-sistic Vulnerability. ②The scale PNI and its subscales showed sufficient Cronbach's alpha internal consistency coefficients ranging 0.640~0.942. The test-retest correlations of subscales were 0.522-0.915 and the total-scale was 0.779. ③The total score of NPI shows significantly positive correlation with the second order factor Narcissistic Grandiosity, but not Narcissis-tic Vulnerability. The PNI significantly predicted the aggression and mental health. Conclusion:The PNI is a suitable in-strument to assess the narcissistic pathology in Chinese college students.

基金项目:
江西省教育科学规划项目(16YB47);江西省社会科学规划项目(16JY09)
作者简介:
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