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自我建构对受排斥者社会信息注意偏向的影响
作者:杨晓莉  魏丽  丁甜甜 
单位:西北师范大学心理学院  甘肃省行为与心理健康重点实验室  兰州 730070 
关键词:社会排斥|自我建构|社会信息|注意偏向 
分类号:R395.1
出版年,卷(期):页码:2018,26(2):209-214
摘要:

目的:探究社会排斥情境下,不同自我建构者对社会信息注意偏向的影响。方法:采用网络掷球范式和点探测范式分别进行社会排斥的操纵和注意偏向的测量,通过问卷测量与情境启动相结合的方式进行自我建构的操纵。结果:依存型自我建构者在微笑面孔上,与探测点位置一致试次的反应时显著低于与探测点位置不一致试次的反应时,而独立型自我建构者在愤怒面孔上,与探测点位置一致试次的反应时显著低于与探测点位置不一致试次的反应时。结论:个体在早期认知加工阶段就已表现出对社会排斥的不同应对反应,依存型自我建构者更容易关注社会接纳信息,独立型自我建构者更容易关注社会拒绝信息。

Objective:The present study investigated the impact of self-construal on attentional bias to social informa-tion when individuals experience social exclusion. Methods:Cyberball, dot probe, trait self-construal measurement and sit-uational self-construal activation were applied to the experiment. Results:For the smiling face, a faster response for the probes congruent trials than for the probes incongruent trials only existed for the interdependent self-construal, but not the independent self-construal. For the angry faces, a faster response for the probes congruent trials than for the probes incon-gruent trials only existed for the independent self-construal, but not the interdependent self-construal. Conclusion:Indi-viduals have shown different coping responses to social exclusion in their early cognitive processing stages. The interdepen-dent self-construal shows attentional bias to social acceptance cues, while the independent self-construal shows attentional bias to social rejection cues.

基金项目:
本文受国家社科基金(14CSH037);教育部哲学社会科学研究重大课题攻关项目(17JZD043)资助
作者简介:
参考文献:

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