设为首页 | 加入收藏
网站首页 本刊简介 编委会 投稿指南 过刊浏览 广告合作 网上订购 下载专区 联系我们  
羞怯对青少年情绪调节策略使用频率的影响:情绪调节自我效能感的中介作用
作者:赵鑫1  冯正宁1  尚鹏飞1  金戈2 
单位:1. 西北师范大学心理学院行为康复训练研究中心  兰州 730070 
2.
 兰州城市学院教育学院  兰州 730070 
关键词:羞怯 认知重评 表达抑制 情绪调节自我效能感 
分类号:R395.6
出版年,卷(期):页码:2016,24(4):717-720
摘要:

目的:从情绪调节自我效能感的角度入手,探讨羞怯对青少年情绪调节策略(认知重评和表达抑制)使用频率的影响。方法:选取786名11-20岁之间的中学生为研究对象,采用羞怯量表、情绪调节策略量表、情绪调节自我效能感量表进行测量。结果:表达积极情绪自我效能感在羞怯与认知重评和表达抑制策略使用频率之间起中介作用;管理消极情绪自我效能感在羞怯与认知重评和表达抑制策略使用频率之间起中介作用。结论:情绪调节自我效能感在羞怯与青少年情绪调节策略使用频率之间起中介作用。

Objective: This study investigated the effects of Shyness on emotion regulation strategies (cognitive reappraisal and expression suppression) from the perspective of emotional regulation self-efficacy in adolescents.Methods: This study selected 786 participants from middle school,aged 11 to 20 and assessed by the Shyness Scale,emotional regulation strategy questionnaire,and self-efficacy of emotional regulation questionnaire.Results: Self-efficacy of expressing positive emotion plays an intermediary role between Shyness and cognitive reappraisal and the use frequency of expression suppression strategy;Self-efficacy of managing negative emotion plays an intermediary role between Shyness and cognitive reappraisal and the use frequency of expression suppression strategy.Conclusion: Emotional regulation self-efficacy acts as a mediating role between Shyness and emotion regulation strategies in adolescents.

基金项目:
甘肃省教育科学“十二五”规划课题重点项目(GS[2013]GHBZ093);甘肃省教育科学“十二五”规划课题重点项目(GS[2013]GHBZ086);西北师范大学2015年度青年教师科研能力提升计划重大培养项目(SKZD15005)
作者简介:
参考文献:

1 Gross JJ, John OP. Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes:Implications for affect, relationships, and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2003, 85:348-362
2 Gross JJ. Emotion regulation:Current status and future prospects. Psychological Inquiry, 2015, 26:1-26
3 John OP, Gross JJ. Individual differences in emotion regulation strategies:Links to global trait, dynamic, and social cognitive constructs. In J.J. Gross (Ed.), Handbook of Emotion Regulation. New York:Guilford Press, 2007. 351-372
4 赵鑫, 金戈, 周仁来. 什么样人更善于情绪调节?-情绪调节的个体差异研究.中国临床心理学杂志, 2013, 21(3):518-521
5 赵鑫, 周仁来. 情绪调节测量:方法、应用和问题. 西北师大学报(社会科学版), 2014, 51(5):119-123
6 Andreescu C, Sheu LK, Tudorascu D, et al. Emotion reactivity and regulation in late-life generalized anxiety disorder:Functional connectivity at baseline and post-treatment. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 2015, 23:200-214
7 Blechert J, Wilhelm FH, Williams H, et al. Reappraisal facilitates extinction in healthy and socially anxious individuals. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 2015, 46:141-150
8 Brozovich FB, Goldin P, Lee I, et al. The effect of rumination and reappraisal on social anxiety symptoms during cognitive-behavioral therapy for social anxiety disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 2015, 71:208-218
9 赵鑫, 史娜, 付丽, 等. 情绪识别与认知重评对社会适应不良的预测研究. 中国临床心理学杂志, 2013, 21(6):1029-1032
10 赵鑫, 张雅丽, 陈玲, 周仁来. 人格特质对青少年社交焦虑的影响:情绪调节方式的中介作用. 中国临床心理学杂志, 2014, 22(6):1057-1061
11 Boden MT, Gross JJ, Babson K, Bonn-Miller MO. The interactive effects of emotional clarity and cognitive reappraisal on problematic cannabis use among medical cannabis users. Addictive Behaviors, 2013, 38:1663-1668
12 赵鑫, 张雅丽, 马秀娟, 等. 情绪调节效能感在人格特质与心理应激水平关系中的中介作用. 第三军医大学学报, 2014, 36(17):1850-1853
13 Goldin PR, McRae K, Ramel W, Gross JJ. The neural bases of emotion regulation:reappraisal and suppression of negative emotion. Biological Psychiatry, 2008, 63(6):577-586
14 Ray RD, Wilhelm FH, Gross JJ. All in mind's eye? Anger rumination and reappraisal. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2008, 94:133-145
15 Gross JJ. The emerging field of emotion regulation:Integrative review. Review of General Psychology, 1998, 2:271-299
16 Gross JJ. Emotion regulation:affective, cognitive, and social consequences. Psychophysiology, 2002, 39:281-291
17 Cabello R, Salguero J, Fernandez-Berrocal P, Gross JJ. A Spanish adaptation of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 2013, 29:234-240
18 赵鑫, 张冰人, 张鹏, 等. 斯坦福情绪调节量表在我国中学生中的信效度检验. 中国临床心理学杂志, 2015, 23(1):22-25
19 Amico K, Bruch MA, Haase RF, Sturmer PJ. Trait shyness:Actual-ought self-discrepancy and discomfort in social interaction. Personality and Individual Differences, 2004, 36 (7):1597-1610
20 Cox BJ, Paula SR, MacPherson, Enns MW. Psychiatric correlates of childhood shyness in a nationally representative sample. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 2005, 43(8):1019-1027
21 Zimmermann LK, Stansbury K. The influence of emotion regulation, level of shyness, and habituation on the neuroendocrine response of three-year-old children. Psychoneurosis Endocrinology, 2004, 29(8):973-982
22 Bandura A, Caprara GV, Barbaranelli C, et al. Role of affective self-regulatory efficacy in diverse spheres of psychosocial functioning. Child Development, 2003, 74(3):769-782
23 Reijntjes A, Stegge H, Terwogt MM, Hurkens E. Children's depressive symptoms and their regulation of negative affect in response to vignette depicted emotion-eliciting events. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2007, 31 (1):49-58
24 李彩娜, 党健宁, 何姗姗, 李红梅. 羞怯与孤独感-自我效能的多重中介效应. 心理学报, 2013, 11:1251-1260
25 汪向东, 王希林, 马弘. 心理卫生评定量表手册(增订版). 1999
26 窦凯, 聂衍刚, 王玉洁, 黎建斌. 青少年情绪调节自我效能感与心理健康的关系. 中国学校卫生, 2012, 33(10):1195-1197
27 Henderson L, Zimbardo P. Shyness. In Schmidt LA, Schulkin J, editors. Extreme fear and shyness:Origins and outcomes. New York:Oxford University Press, 1999
28 Caprara GV, Giunta LG, Eisenbe N, et al. Assessing regulatory emotional self-efficacy in three countries. Psychological Assessment, 2008, 20(3):227-237

服务与反馈:
文章下载】【加入收藏
您是第访问者

《中国临床心理学杂志》编辑部
地址:湖南省长沙市中南大学湘雅二医院内, 410011
电 话:0731-85292472    电子邮件:cjcp_china@163.com
本系统由北京博思汇文数字科技有限公司设计开发 技术服务电话:010-60213898