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认知失败问卷中文版测评大学生样本的效度和信度
作者:周扬1  陈健芷1  刘勇2  王湃1  朱丽娟1  彦廷鹤1 
单位:1. 哈尔滨师范大学教育科学学院  哈尔滨 150025 
2.
 佳木斯大学学生心理健康教育与咨询中心  佳木斯 154007 
关键词:认知失败 效度 信度 大学生 
分类号:R395.1
出版年,卷(期):页码:2016,24(3):438-443
摘要:

目的:在中国大学生群体中修订认知失败问卷(Cognitive Failures Questionnaire,CFQ),并检验其信效度。方法:调查了1120名大学生,收回有效问卷1014份,用以评定CFQ中文版的结构效度、内部一致性信度。另用日常记忆问卷、大学生无聊倾向问卷、Conners成人注意缺陷多动障碍自评量表和大五人格量表在163名大学生中检验效标关联效度。1个月后随机选取104名大学生进行重测。结果:CFQ中文版包括干扰、记忆、人际失误、运动协调和人名记忆5个因子,共25个条目;验证性因素分析结果显示5因素模型拟合良好(χ2/df=2.201,CFI=0.902,TLI=0.892,RMSEA=0.052,SRMR=0.045);问卷总分与日常记忆、无聊倾向、注意缺陷多动倾向、神经质的相关系数在0.41~0.50之间,与责任心的相关系数为-0.31;总问卷的内部一致性信度、分半信度和重测信度分别为0.86、0.83和0.87。女生在问卷总分及干扰、记忆、人际失误和运动协调维度上得分显著高于男生。结论:CFQ中文版具有良好的效度和信度,可用于评估大学生的认知失败倾向。

Objective: To investigate the psychometric attributes of the Chinese version of the Cognitive Failures Questionnaire (CFQ).Methods: 1120 university students were asked to complete the Chinese version of CFQ,in which 163 students were additional asked to complete Everyday Memory Questionnaire (EMQ),Boredom Proneness Scale (BPS),Conners' Adult ADHD Rating Scales Self-Report Long Version (CAARS-S:L) and Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI).104 students were followed to complete the Chinese version of CFQ after 1 month.Results: The Chinese version of CFQ consisted of 25 items and exploratory factor analysis yielded five factors:distractibility,memory,interpersonal blunders,motor coordination and memory for names.Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the five-factor model of CFQ provided a good fit with the data.The Cronbach'a of all factors ranged from 0.56 to 0.75;the split-half reliabilities ranged from 0.56 to 0.71;the testretest reliabilities ranged from 0.59 to 0.73.The CFQ was of good criterion validity as well.There were significant differences in the cognitive failures on gender.Conclusion: The Chinese version of CFQ is a valid and reliable instrument to assess the cognitive failures in Chinese university students.

基金项目:
作者简介:
参考文献:

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