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实际亲密度对自我概念包含不同类型他人的调节效应
作者:夏瑞雪  金瑞秸  赵海燕  牛百灵 
单位:西北师范大学心理学院  兰州730070 
关键词:实际亲密度 自我概念包含他人 调节效应 
分类号:R395.1
出版年,卷(期):页码:2015,23(5):843-847
摘要:

目的:已有自我概念包含他人的研究大都以自我与他人之间社会规范上应用的亲密度为基础,本研究探讨实际亲密度对自我概念包含不同类型他人的影响.方法:使用自我包含他人问卷(IOS), 控制自我与母亲(先赋性关系)、自我与他人(交往性关系)之间的亲密程度.采用2(亲密度:高,低)× 4(参照条件:自我,母亲(或交往性他人),一般他人,字形)× 2(判断方式:R,K)的混合设计,因变量以R/K判断的正确率为指标.结果:R判断结果表明,无论亲密度高低,自我与母亲之间差异不显著;高亲密度条件下,自我与交往性他人之间R判断差异不显著,而低亲密度条件下差异显著.结论:实际亲密度不影响自我概念包含先赋性他人,但对自我概念包含交往性他人具有调节作用.

Objective: The existing studies of self-concept involving others mainly based on the supposed degree of inti-macy of self and the self-concept including others in the social norm. The current research explored how actual intimacy in-fluenced self-concept containing others. Methods: Using 2(intimacy: high, low)×4(reference condition: self, mother(or com-municative others), others general, font)×2(judgement: R, K) mixed design, the dependent variable is the correct rate of R/K judgment. Closeness between self and mother(consanguineous relationship), the self and others(interacting relationship) were controlled by the Inclusion of Others in Self Scale. Results: Results of R judgment showed that the level of intimacy had no effect on the self including mother. For significant others, the difference between self and other was significant under conditions of low level intimacy, but not under conditions of high level intimacy. Conclusion: The degree of real intimacy has little influences on the self-concept including others of consanguineous relationship(e.g. mother), but modulates the self-concept including the others of interacting relationship(e.g. important others).

基金项目:
甘肃省教育厅基金项目"亲密度对自我包含他人的影响及其脑机制"(12-05);国家自然科学基金项目"自我边界的结构、功能及神经基础"(31160204)
作者简介:
参考文献:

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