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正念对考试焦虑的影响:情绪调节自我效能感的中介作用
作者:王宴庆  赵鑫 
单位:西北师范大学心理学院行为康复训练研究中心  兰州730070 
关键词:正念 考试焦虑 情绪调节自我效能感 
分类号:R395.6
出版年,卷(期):页码:2015,23(4):746-749
摘要:

目的:探讨正念与考试焦虑的关系以及情绪调节自我效能感在正念与考试焦虑间的作用机制。方法:采用五因素正念度量表、情绪调节自我效能感量表和考试焦虑量表对370名大学生进行测量。结果:①正念水平能够负向预测考试焦虑;②正念与表达积极情绪效能感和管理消极情绪效能感均呈显著正相关;③表达积极情绪效能感与管理消极情绪效能感均与考试焦虑呈显著负相关;④管理消极情绪效能感在正念和考试焦虑之间具有中介效应。结论:本研究发现正念无论是直接调节情绪,还是通过情绪调节自我效能感间接调节情绪,都具有显著的效果。

Objective: To explore the mediating effect of the regulatory emotional self-efficacy between mindfulness and test anxiety in college students. Methods: A total of 370 college students were measured with Five Facet Mindfulness Questionaire, Regulatory Emotional Self-efficacy Scale, and Test Anxiety Scale. Results: ①Significant negative correla-tion was found between mindfulness and test anxiety. ②Perceived self-efficacy in expressing positive affect and perceived self-efficacy in managing negative affect were both positively correlated with mindfulness, and negatively correlated with test anxiety. ③Perceived self-efficacy in managing negative affect played a partial mediating role between mindfulness and test anxiety. Conclusion: Mindfulness has both direct and indirect influence on the test anxiety. The indirect influence is exerted through regulatory emotional self-efficacy.

基金项目:
甘肃省教育科学“十二五”规划课题重点项目(GS[2013]GHBZ086);西北师范大学青年教师科研能力提升计划(SKQ-NYB12009)资助
作者简介:
参考文献:

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