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贝克焦虑量表的心理测量学特性、常模分数及因子结构的研究
作者:郑健荣1  黄炽荣1  黄洁晶1  庄香泉1  王得宝1  郑淑仪1  黄秀英1  陈乾元2  吴基安2 
单位:1. 葵涌医院 香港 
2.
 威尔斯亲王医院 
关键词:贝克焦虑量表 心理测量特质 因子结构 
分类号:G449.1
出版年,卷(期):页码:2002,10(1):4-6
摘要:

目的:探索Back焦虑量表中文版(BAI)的心理测量学特性、常模分数及因子结构。方法:对189例被诊断患有焦虑症或忧郁症的香港精神科门诊病人进行问卷研究。结果:BAI的内部一致性相当良好,全量表(Cronbach α)系数为0.95,最高的5个百分等级之患者焦虑分数为39分或以上,探索因子分析及验证因子分析发现简单的两因子模型能适切地解释BAI的因子结构。结论:中文版BAI有良好的信度,而其因子结构中的两因子(生理反应因子及焦虑思想因子)不仅与原来的BAI两因子相似,也与认知行为理论对焦虑症的解释逻辑一致。

Objective:To explore the psychometric properties,normative data and factorial structure of the Beck Anxiety Inventory-Chinese Version (BAI-Chinese).Methods:189 Hong Kong psychiatric out-patients with the diagnosis of either an anxiety or a depressive disorder completed the questionnaires.Results:The BAI-Chinese was found to have excellent internal consistency (Cronbach α=0.95).The top five percentile scored 39 or above in the BAI-Chinese.Both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses suggested that a simple 2-factor model would best accommodate the BAI data set.Conclusion:The BAI-Chinese was found to attain good reliability.Its factors "Physiological Response" and "Anxious Cognition" were similar to those extracted from the original scale,and were consistent with the prevailing cognitive-behavioral model for anxiety.

基金项目:
作者简介:
参考文献:

[1] Beck AT.Inventory of measuring clinical anxiety:Psychometric properties.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,1988,56:893-897
[2] Osman A,Kopper BA Barrios FX,Osman JR,Wade T.The Beck Anxiety Inventory:Reexamination of factor structure and psychometric properties.Journal of Clinical Psychology,1997,53:7-14
[3] Beck AT,Steer RA Garbin MG.Psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory:Twenty-five years of evaluation.Clinical Psychology Review,8:77-100
[4] Wong CW.Negative affect structure of Chinese in HongKong :A psychometric investigation on anxiety and depression .Unpublished doctorate dissertation.Surrey:University of Surrey,1999.
[5] Bentler PM.EQS:Structural equation program manual.Encino:Multivariate Software Inc,1995.
[6] Barlow,DH.Clinical Handbook of Psychological Disorders(2ndED.).New York:Guilford Press,1993.

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