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海洛因依赖者人格特征分析及与首次吸毒年龄的关系
作者:陈玄玄1 2  陈晗晖1  杜江1  范成路1  赵敏1 
单位:1. 上海交通大学附属精神卫生中心 上海200030 
2.
 上海市长宁区精神卫生中心 上海200335 
关键词:海洛因依赖 人格特征 气质性格问卷(TCI) 首吸年龄 
分类号:R749.64
出版年,卷(期):页码:2008,16(6):662-664
摘要:

目的:分析海洛因依赖者与正常人群的人格特征的不同特点,探讨人格特征与首次吸毒年龄的关系。方法:采用气质性格问卷(Temperament and character inventory,TCI)分别对100例海洛因依赖者与88例正常对照者进行人格评定。结果:①与正常对照组相比,海洛因依赖组的探求新奇性和伤害回避性得分高于对照组(P<0.05),而海洛因依赖组合作性、自我定向维度得分均数低于对照组(P<0.01)。②海洛因依赖者的TCI问卷不同维度的得分与首吸年龄无相关性,P>0.05。结论:①寻求刺激、冲动、探索、看事情悲观、害怕不确定、易疲劳等是海洛因依赖的易感人格特征。②首次吸毒年龄与TCI的不同人格维度之间无相关性。

Objective:To analyze the personality characteristics of heroin addicts,and to explore the relationship between?personality characteristics and initial drug use age.Methods:Temperament and Character Inventory(TCI)was administered?to 88 normal controls and 100 heroin addicts to evaluate their temperaments and characters.Results:①The?mean of NS(novelty seeking),HA(harm avoidance) scores of heroin addicts were higher than those of the normal control?groups(62.21±8.16,59.78±7.76,P<0.05 );and mean of the CO,SD scores of the heroin addicts were lower than those of?the normal control groups(60.91±9.01,56.77±9.70,P<0.01);②The age of initial drug use was not related with CO(Cooperativeness),SD(Self-directedness) scores.Conclusion:①Compare with the normal control groups,the novelty-seeking,impulsiving,exploring,pessimistic,fear of uncertainty,prone to tiredness and so on are the susceptible personality traits of?heroin addicts.②Initial drug use age was not related with personality characteristics.

基金项目:
上海市禁毒基金;上海市卫生局科研基金(054129)
作者简介:
参考文献:

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