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男性暴力型违法犯罪青少年的愤怒情绪特征与父母教养方式对照研究
作者:邵阳1  谢斌1  乔屹1  黄乐萍2 
单位:1. 上海交通大学医学院附属精神卫生中心  上海 200030 
2.
 上海市虹口区精神卫生中心  上海 200083 
关键词:青少年 暴力 状态-特质愤怒 教养方式 
分类号:R395.2
出版年,卷(期):页码:2009,17(4):481-483
摘要:

目的:分析男性青少年暴力罪犯的愤怒情绪特点,并探讨其同父母教养方式之间的关系。方法:采用儿童青少年状态-特质愤怒表达问卷(STAEI-CA)、父母教养方式问卷(EMBU)对3组男性青少年:62名暴力犯罪者、55名非暴力犯罪者和100名普通高中生进行对照研究。结果:暴力犯罪组在特质愤怒、状态愤怒、愤怒外投分量表上得分更高,愤怒控制分较低。两组犯罪青少年在父母养育方式上表现出低情感温暖和高拒绝否认的特点。暴力犯罪组愤怒情绪特点与其父母教养方式存在显著相关。结论:青少年犯罪,尤其是暴力犯罪者的愤怒情绪水平较高,并且在愤怒情绪的表达与控制方面存在缺陷。而这些特点可能与不良的家庭环境有关。

Objective: To study the effects of family environment and parental rearing styles on the personality of young violent offenders. Methods: Sixty two young male violent offenders, 55 young male nonviolent offenders and 100 normal controls were assessed with State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory for children and adolescent (STAEI-CA) and Egma Minnen av Bardndosna Uppforstran (EMBU). Results: Violent young offenders have significantly higher scores in Trait anger, State anger, Anger out and a much low score in Anger control scores in comparison with those non-violent offenders and normal controls. The parents of violent offenders gave them less warm care but more refusal and denial. There was significant correlation of the state -trait anger of young violent offenders to their parental rearing styles . Conclusion: Young offenders, especially violent offenders have higher level of state -trait anger and defect in anger control and expression . Parental unfavorable rearing styles may play an important role in these characters .

基金项目:
科技部“十一.五”支撑计划资助项目(2007BAI17B03)
作者简介:
参考文献:

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