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海洛因依赖者冲动特征及性别差异的比较分析
作者:李质彬1  袁颖2  杜江1  江海峰1  赵敏1 
单位:1. 上海交通大学医学院附属精神卫生中心 上海 200030 
2.
 苏州大学附属广济医院 江苏苏州 215008 
关键词:海洛因依赖 冲动 性别差异 
分类号:R395.2
出版年,卷(期):页码:2011,19(6):782-784
摘要:

目的:了解海洛因依赖者冲动特征及性别差异,为临床干预个体化治疗提供有价值的信息。方法:采用Bar-ratt冲动量表(Barratt Impulsiveness Scale 11th version,BIS-11)对128例健康人群和543例康复期海洛因依赖者进行问卷调查。结果:海洛因依赖者的冲动水平显著高于正常对照组;女性冲动水平显著高于男性。结论:海洛因依赖者具有较高的冲动特征,女性海洛因依赖者冲动水平更高,临床干预措施应考虑到冲动特征及性别差异以提高干预效果。

Objective:To explore the characteristics of impulsiveness and the gender differences in heroin dependentpatients and to provide useful information for intervention.Methods:The Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (Barratt ImpulsivenessScale 11th version,BIS-11)was used to assess 128 healthy control subjects and 543 heroin dependent patients.Results:The level of impulsiveness in heroin addicts was significantly higher than that of the control group.We found thatfemale showed more impulsiveness than male group in heroin addicts on BIS-11 total scores,factor motor impulsiveness(MI)and non-planning impulsiveness(NI).Conclusion:The characteristics of impulsiveness is significantly correlated withheroin dependence.Compared with male heroin dependent patients,female heroin dependent patients show more impulsiveness,which should be considered in clinical intervention to improve treatment outcomes.

基金项目:
上海市科委国际合作项目(09410707000);国家自然科学基金(30971048);上海市禁毒基金(0601)
作者简介:
参考文献:

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