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Gender Differences in Emotion Regulation Strategies in Adolescents
作者:ZHAO Xin1  ZHANG Run-zhu1  ZHENG Kai2 
单位:1 西北师范大学心理学院行为康复训练研究中心 兰州 730070 
2
 防灾科技学院 北京 101601 
关键词:性别差异 情绪调节 认知重评 表达抑制 青少年 
分类号:R395.6
出版年,卷(期):页码:2014,22(5):849-854
摘要:

本研究以900名13-18岁的青少年群体作为被试,采用斯坦福情绪调节量表中文版,调查了这一阶段个体情绪调节策略使用频率的性别差异。结果发现被试认知重评使用频率的性别差异、年龄差异以及二者的交互作用均不显著,表达抑制策略使用频率的性别差异和年龄差异显著,二者的交互作用不显著。进一步研究在控制了被试的人格特质和积极消极情绪体验后发现,女性认知重评策略的使用频率显著高于男性。

We used the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire(ERQ) to examine gender differences in emotion regulation strategies among 900 adolescents aged 13-18. In our sample, male adolescents were more likely than female adolescents to report using expression suppression strategies, even after statistically controlling for agreeableness, neuroticism, openness, and positive emotional experiences. There were no significant gender differences in the use of cognitive reappraisal, but af ter controlling for neuroticism and positive emotional experiences, females were more likely to use this strategy than males. No significant age differences emerged in the use of cognitive reappraisal. Age differences were found in that 15-, 16-, and 18-year-old adolescents were more likely than 13- and 14-year-olds to report using expression suppression strategies. There was no significant interaction between age and gender for any emotional regulation strategies.

基金项目:
国家自然科学基金青年项目(31300838);北京市应用实验心理北京市重点实验室开放课题(2013);甘肃省教育科学“十二五”规划课题重点项目(GS[2013]GHBZ086);西北师范大学青年教师科研能力提升计划(SKQNYB12009)的部分资助
作者简介:
参考文献:

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