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人格特质对青少年社交焦虑的影响:情绪调节方式的中介作用
作者:赵鑫1 2  张雅丽1  陈玲1  周仁来2 3 
单位:1. 西北师范大学心理学院 兰州 730070 
2.
 北京师范大学情绪调节研究中心 北京 100875 
3.
 北京师范大学心理学院应用实验心理北京市重点实验室 北京 100875 
关键词:人格特质 情绪调节 社交焦虑 
分类号:R395.6
出版年,卷(期):页码:2014,22(6):1057-1061
摘要:

目的:探讨青少年人格特质与情绪调节使用频率以及社交焦虑水平之间的关系。方法:以11-19岁青少年为研究对象,采用中文版大五人格简式量表,情绪调节策略问卷和社交焦虑量表测量被试的人格特质与情绪调节使用频率以及社交焦虑水平。结果:研究结果发现,宜人性、严谨性、外向性、开放性与社交焦虑水平呈显著负相关,神经质与社交焦虑水平呈显著正相关;宜人性、严谨性、外向性、开放性与认知重评策略使用频率呈显著正相关;宜人性、外向性与表达抑制策略使用频率呈显著负相关;神经质与认知重评策略使用频率呈显著负相关,与表达抑制策略使用频率呈显著正相关;认知重评策略使用频率与社交焦虑水平呈显著负相关,表达抑制策略使用频率与社交焦虑水平呈显著正相关;认知重评在宜人性、开放性与社交焦虑之间具有部分中介效应;表达抑制在宜人性与社交焦虑之间具有部分中介效应。结论:情绪调节策略使用频率在人格特质和青少年社交焦虑之间起中介作用,不同的情绪调节策略(认知重评和表达抑制)所起的作用不同。

Objective: To investigate the relationship between personality traits, emotional regulation strategies and social anxiety in adolescents. Methods: The research recruited teenagers aged from 11 to 19, using a Chinese-version NEO- Five-Factor Inventory(NEO-FFI), Emotion Regulation Strategies Questionnaire and Social Anxiety Scale. Results: The results showed that social anxiety was negatively correlated with the kindness, conscientiousness, extraversion and openness, and positively correlated with the neuroticism. In addition, cognitive reappraisal strategy was significantly and positively correlated with kindness, conscientiousness, extraversion, openness, and negatively correlated with the kindness, extraversion, neuroticism and social anxiety. Cognitive reappraisal had a partially intermediary effect between kindness and openness and social anxiety; Expression suppression had a partial intermediary effect between kindness and social anxiety. Conclusion: The emotion regulation strategy acted as a mediator between the personality traits and social anxiety in adolescents. In addition, different emotion regulation strategies(cognitive reappraisal and expression suppression) play different roles in such relationship.

基金项目:
作者简介:
参考文献:

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